Here’s how to quote two authors in your coursework or Academic Work

Find out what it is and to quote two or more authors in your coursework following the ABNT standards.

It is not an easy task to do a college, much less to produce the course completion work so that you can complete it and achieve the dreamed diploma, even because this work comes accompanied by another challenge, which is the formatting as demanded by the norms of ABNT.

There are those who believe that they make the production of academic work an easier task, but there are those who think they are a real headache; one thing is certain: it is mandatory that the CBT be drafted based on these standards.

One of them, more specifically, NBR 10520, talks about how to quote from CBT, which is one of the main questions of academic students who need to produce it.

And speaking of quotes, it is very common for many authors to talk about your topic, so it is normal for you to find some quotes from two or more authors, and in these cases you need to reference them all correctly.

To know how to quote two or more authors in coursework in the correct way according to ABNT’s specifications, plus some more information, follow this article.

Importance of having a quote in coursework

It is a fact that one can not produce a good academic work without there being at least some quotations from authors present in the text, either as a way of proving theories, raising questions, agreeing or disagreeing with what one author has said, or even just to enrich the work and serve as a theoretical basis for content.

This part of the work basically consists of sharing the idea of ​​another author in your work and you have to be very careful at the moment.

It is very important that you insert quotes and give proper and deserved credits to the authors of the thoughts that you intend to share in your academic work, so that you do not fall into the trap of plagiarism, which is even a crime, with criminal responsibility for the student and teacher -orientator of CBT, so always remember the following rule: Read, wrote, quoted!

But to insert a quote correctly, some specifications need to be put into practice, however, before that, let’s go to a few basic explanations.

What are the types of citation

Before you enter a quotation, be it with one or more authors, you must separate them correctly in their respective categories.

There are direct quotes that consist of the identical transcription of the published text, and they may be short or long, which differ in their formatting.

There are also indirect citations, which are those in which the student reads a certain material, makes his own interpretation and transcribes it with his words in the monograph, being able to do this at the beginning of the sentence or at the end of it.

Other ways to insert a quote are by footnotes, by citing a quote, APUD, or by taking them off the internet.

These citations may come from a particular author or there are some cases where more than one author comes to a certain conclusion and make a publication together, and if you choose one of those situations you need to refer them in the correct way.

So, going back to the main subject of this article, find below how to quote two or more authors in CBT.

How to cite two or more authors in coursework

When this citation comes from more than one author, for example two authors, the formatting must follow some rules.

The norm NBR 10520, which governs the rules to be applied in citations in academic papers, requires that in case of direct citation of several authors the formatting follow the following rules:

  • Authors must be separated by a semicolon
  • Authors’ names should appear in alphabetical order
  • The year of publication of the document should come immediately after the author’s name, separated by a comma

In this case, the quotation would look like this:

(Author 1, year of publication, author 2, year of publication …)

See examples taken from the NBR itself:

It polarizes and directs, in the form of “collective demand”, the needs of all (FONSECA, 1997; PAIVA, 1997; SILVA, 1997).

Several authors emphasize the importance of the “triggering event” at the beginning of a learning process (CROSS, 1984; KNOX, 1986; MEZIROW, 1991).

A model widely used when there are only two authors of the same citation is the following:

(Author 1 and author 2, year of publication)

Or yet:

Author 1 and author 2 (year of publication)

In this way the authors are obligatorily interconnected by the conjunction “and”.

See examples:

One of the ways of formatting looks like this: (SANTOS and SILVA, 2011)

And the other looks like this: SANTOS and SILVA (2011)

Both ways of referencing are correct and can be inserted into your academic work without fear of making mistakes.

In the case of more than three authors in a same citation, some other terms appear.

In these cases, the first author is mentioned along with the expression “et col.” (Short for “and collaborators”) or “et al.” (Short for the Latin expression “et alii”, meaning “and others “).

Here’s an example:

Climate change can jeopardize the development of life in the coming decades. (FERGUSON et al., 2015)


Climate change can jeopardize the development of life in the coming decades. (FERGUSON et al., 2015)

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