Argumentative Dissertation: structure, example and how-to tips

Know the basic requirements of the structure of an argumentative dissertation.

Do you really know how to write an argumentative text? The answer to this question can make the difference between reaching a goal or staying out of life planning. This is because the argumentative essay text is charged in several situations as a classificatory or even eliminatory process.

The good news is that we have brought you a complete guide explaining what an argumentative dissertation is and how to write an ideal text.

What is an argumentative dissertation

The argumentative essay is the best known, especially when it comes to the famous school writing required in most college entrance exams. But before we talk about the structure, let’s see how the AurĂ©lio dictionary conceptualizes the argumentative dissertation:

Dissertation: speech, exposition or scrutiny on a subject.

Argumentation: means used to persuade, to try to convince someone, causing that person to change from point of view or way of acting.

From the concepts mentioned above, we can conclude that this is a text that thoroughly addresses a subject with the intention of converting the reader’s point of view.

How to make an argumentative essay text

Have you ever stopped to think we argued every day? Whether to choose which car to buy or to decide between having lunch or snacking. Being two people with divergent opinions, the argument begins.

The problem appears at the time of formalizing in writing what we so naturally do in oral communication. Since writing has the characteristic of organizing a discourse in a given structure, let us understand how this textual genre is constructed.

The structure of the argumentative dissertation

But what is textual genre? Let’s turn to the “Brazilian Portuguese Grammar of the renowned teacher and linguist Ataliba de Castilho (2012):

Any and all forms of manifestation of speech produced by speakers in a particular social sphere of language use. Given its social character, the genre is a form codified historically by a certain culture, aiming the communication between its members.

The textual genre is the structure and the peculiarities of approach of a certain category of text. Recipes, for example, have a common structure, such as crafts, letters, e-mails, and so on. are all textual genres.

The question is: What is the structure of the argumentative dissertation?

Very simple, like any text, this one has a beginning, a middle and an end, see below:

  • Introduction (thesis)
  • Development (Problematization and argumentation)
  • Conclusion (intervention / proposed solution)
  • The introduction of the argumentative dissertation

Starting a text is always a challenge! But there are ways that facilitate this mission. One of them is to ask a question

The answer to this question will serve perfectly as the ideal beginning of an argumentative text, where a thesis will be presented in a clear and objective way.

The development of the argumentative dissertation

After presenting the subject and clarifying the positioning, it will be necessary to write the development. A safe form will be divided into two parts: problematization and argumentation.


Imagine getting to your husband, wife, father, mother or someone close to you, who helps with the expenses of your home, with the mission of convincing you to change your car.

Anyone, through this challenge, begins by showing why the current vehicle should be replaced. So, you would certainly show all the problems of the vehicle, such as autonomy, depreciation of engine and parts, lack of comfort and space …

This situation exemplifies the next step, which is to show the problem (s) of the subject matter. To do this, answer the following question:

Why is this a problem for society today?

Notice that the words “society” and “present” have been used. This is because any argumentative essay text is not of individual interest, since to argue it is necessary to have two discordant points of view.

Because it’s pointless to discuss a finalized issue right now, do you agree?

The problematization is very important, because it serves to prove to the reader that the text is relevant, that is, that it is worth reading.


We arrived in the most important part of the text, after all it is an argumentative text!

As mentioned earlier, it is a text that uses resources to persuade the reader, with the intention of convincing, to change someone’s perspective on a critical point of thought.

Thus, it is also usually the bulk of the text. See the following three questions to be answered.

What are the arguments for my thesis?

Note the relationship between this part and the thesis. Considering to be the thesis the first part of the text, in it is the positioning. Here are presented arguments that will give meaning to the point of view presented.

The arguments can be:

  • Data
  • Citations
  • Reading charts
  • Theories
  • Arguments of logic
The conclusion of the argumentative dissertation

Finishing any subject requires great care. Especially when it comes to an argumentative text in which, by taking a party, one must also present a suggestion to solve the problem that was raised in the text.

Therefore, the question whose ideal answer is to conclude a text is:

What is my proposal to solve the problem?

Note the relation that the conclusion maintains with the problematization, just as the argument is directly related to the thesis (introduction) of the text.

Summing up…

This is only one method among so many that exist for any textual production of an argumentative dissertation.

Is the argumentative dissertation only for writing essay?

Learning to argue in a dissertation is useful beyond traditional school writing, as it will also serve any other context in which argumentation is fundamental, be it oral (debates, talks, speeches) or writing.

To make an academic project, for example, it is fundamental, at a certain point, to present arguments, to problematize, and to conclude.

General aspects of your argumentative argumentative text

Do not forget that to produce a fluid text, it is necessary to know and apply the aspects of textuality. See below eight of them:

  • Cohesion
  • Coherence
  • Linearity
  • Clarity
  • Conciseness
  • Objectivity

InformativenessGrammar correction

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